There are many legislated rules and regulations imposed on businesses. Small businesses are often challenged the most complying with these laws. Here are the top ten laws that small businesses owners need to pay close attention to in order to ensure compliance.
1. Title VII of Civil Rights Act. This law protects the public against discrimination during all phases of employment based on race, color, religion, gender, national origin, and genetic information. Small businesses may face unique compliance challenges because of their size and limited resources to host something like an anti-bullying forum.
2. Americans with Disabilities Act. This law does not allow employers to discriminate against qualified people with disabilities that impair or limit them from major life activities, mental or physical. It can be difficult for small companies to adhere to the same practices as larger companies. This law is something that businesses owners must pay close attention complying with.
3. Family Medical Leave Act. If your business has more than 50 full time employees, they must be allowed at least 12 weeks of leave each year for birth, adoption, foster care, or other health problems. When they return they must be fully reinstated to their original position. This varies slightly in each state.
4. Age Discrimination in Employment Act. Employees older than 40 can not be discriminated against based on their age. Smaller Companies may not take a person’s age or proximity to retirement into consideration while making business decisions.
5. Fair Labor Standards Act. The federal minimum wage, overtime requirements, and work hours for minors are all set under this law. Meticulous recordkeeping for each employee is essential.
6. Equal Pay Act. This law prohibits discrimination based on gender. The act does not prohibit pay differences based on merit or quality since it states “equal pay for EQUAL WORK”.
7. The Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act of 1994. Employees who volunteer or are called to military duty must be reemployed when they return to their previous or equal job.
8. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Employers must provide a workplace free from physical dangers. Big and small businesses alike must provide safety training, inform employees about hazardous chemicals, and notify the government about serious workplace incidents. Detailed records must be kept and held for five years. A violation can result in a small fine to incarceration.
9. Pregnancy Discrimination Act. Employers can’t deny a pregnant woman a job or a promotion, get fired, or force her to go on leave because she is pregnant.
10. Immigration Reform and Control Act. To comply with this act 19 forms are required for each employee and careful adherence is required to avoid both civil and criminal charges. Files for terminated workers must be held onto for a certain amount of time.